Url is relative to page location


However, you will use this home page as the basis for your other pages in chapters 7 and 8, so your effort is not actually wasted. We're simply making your home page behave in exactly the same way as all the other pages of your website, so that once your visitors have figured out how to use one page of your site, they will know how to use the other pages as well. The same method you used to make your site logo into a link can be used on other pictures.

The exact URL will of course be different for your other pictures, unless you really want all your pictures on the page to link to your home page. If you are linking to a page that you haven't created yet, and you're making up a filename for the page, please read the article How to Create Good Filenames for Your Web Pages so that you don't end up with names that will cause you problems in the long run. You will obviously not be able to select the file using the folder button at this time since the file doesn't exist yet , but you can simply type the name yourself into the "Target" field.

Relative vs. Absolute URLs and SEO

For example, if you're linking one of your product pictures to a page called " product. Select the word or words that you want to make into a link by dragging your mouse over it to highlight it. Type the URL into the "Target" field or select the file using the folder icon. Start up your web browser and go to your website. Click on all the links that you have created in this chapter. If you click a link leading to your home page such as your site logo , you should not see any difference in your web browser, since you are already on your home page.

If you get an error message saying something like " File Not Found " or words to that effect, it means that you made a typing error when you entered the URL for that link. Links pointing to your home page should never have a "File Not Found" error, since your link is on the home page itself, so obviously the file exists. If you click a link leading to a page you haven't created yet, you will get a "File Not Found" error or words to that effect. This is expected, so there's no cause for concern. The error will go away once you create that page.

If you have a link pointing another website that you know for sure exists, but you still get an error message, it means that you've probably typed the URL wrongly. A simple way to fix the problem is to manually load that other website in your browser. Once you've successfully got the page to display in your browser, cut and paste the URL from your browser's address bar directly into BlueGriffon.

That way, you can avoid the typing errors that frequently crop up when typing URLs. Yes, it's a common problem that happens to everyone, seasoned webmaster or not. In the next chapter , you will create a navigation menu for your website, similar to the list of buttons you see in the left column of thesitewizard.

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Absolute vs Root-Relative vs Relative Links - Web Design & Development

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Web Design. Search Engines. Revenue Making. In general, it is considered best-practice to use relative URLs, so that your website will not be bound to the base URL of where it is currently deployed. For example, it will be able to work on localhost, as well as on your public domain, without modifications.

Now what will happen when you are going to:. In the first example what will happen is that you will get warnings about unsafe content being requested on the page. And when running your pages over http the browser expects all resources to be loaded over https to prevent leaking of information. In the second example when putting your site live from the test environment it would mean all resources are still pointing to your test domain instead of your live domain. So to answer your question about whether to use absolute or relative URLs: always use relative URLs for local resources.

This type of URL is something you would always want to avoid for requesting resources from your own website for reason outlined above. However it does have its place. This URL is relative based on the current scheme used and should almost always be used when including external resources images, javascripts etc.

What this type of URL does is use the current scheme of the page it is on. This prevent loading resources over https when it is not needed and automatically makes sure the resource is requested over https when it is needed. For local resources this is the prefered way of referencing them. This is also a relative URL although a bit different than the previous one.

Some of the problems caused by relative URLs

This URL is relative to the current path. What this means is that it will resolve to different paths depending on where you are in the site. When requesting external resources you most likely want to use an URL relative to the scheme unless you want to force a different scheme and when dealing with local resources you want to use relative URLs based on the document root.

Absolute urls are, well, absolute: the location of the resource can be resolved looking only at the url itself. A relative url is in a sense incomplete: to resolve it, you need the scheme and hostname, and these are typically taken from the current context. For example, in a web page at. In the href attribute of the link, a relative url s used, and if it is clicked, it has to be resolved in order to follow it. In this case, the current context is.

In a webapplication, I would advise to use relative urls for all resources that belong to your app. That way, if you change the location of the pages, everything will continue to work. Any external resources could be pages completely outside your application, but also static content that you deliver through a content delivery network should always be pointed to using absolute urls: if you don't there simply is no way to locate them, because they reside on a different server.

Although relative URL look shorter than absolute one, but the absolute URLs are more preferable, since a link can be used unchanged on any page of site. We have considered two extreme cases: "absolutely" absolute and "absolutely" relative URLs. But everything is relative in this world.

This also applies to URLs. Every time you say about absolute URL, you should always specify relative to what.

Should I use absolute or relative URLs?

Google recommends such URL. It is a good choice if all pages are within the same domain. When you move your site to another domain, you don't have to do a mass replacements of the domain name in the URLs. The base tag does not affect absolute links. Now you can move your site not only to any domain, but in any subfolder. Just keep in mind that, although URLs look like relative, in fact they are absolute. Especially pay attention to anchors. The latter will throw on home page. For internal links I use base-relative URLs 5. For external links and newsletters I use absolute URLs 1.

There are really three types that should be discussed explicitly. In practice though URLs have been abstracted to be handled at a lower level and I would go as far as to say that developers could go through their entire lives without writing a single URL by hand. Control - The subdomain and protocol can be controlled. People that enter through an obscure subdomain will be funneled into the proper subdomain. You can hop back and forth between secure and non-secure as appropriate. Configurable - Developers love things to be absolute.

You can design neat algorithms when using absolute URLs. URLs can be made configurable so that a URL can be updated site-wide with a single change in a single configuration file. Clairvoyance - You can search for the people scraping your site or maybe pick up some extra external links. Root Relative URLs tie your code to the base url.

Relative URLs tie your code to the directory structure. There is no way to overcome this. Relative URLs are only useful in file systems for traversing directories or as a shortcut for a menial task. Where is the file? Why isn't it working? If a file NEEDS to be moved all the resources that are going to quit loading and all the links that are going to be incorrect need to be updated. If you have a navigation snippet of HTML that is going to be on every page then relative will be relative to a lot of different places.

The first thing people realize when they start creating a template is that they need a way to manage the URLs. See chapter 5 in RFC Developers have stopped writing URLs in the sense being discussed here. All requests are for a website's index file and contain a query string, aka a route.

The route can be thought of as a mini URL that tells your application the content to be generated. Most people will make use of all three forms in their projects in some way or another. The key is to understand them and to choose the one best suited for the task. If it is for use within your website, it's better practice to use relative URL, like this if you need to move the website to another domain name or just debug locally, you can.

In your case, it doesn't look like you're doing anything like that so I wouldn't worry about it. I think the relative URL scheme is "fine" when you want to quickly get something up and running and not think outside the box, particularly if your project is small with few developers or just yourself. However, once you start working on big, fatty systems where you switch domains and protocols all the time, I believe that a more elegant approach is in order. When you compare absolute and relative URLs in essence, Absolute wins.

Because it won't ever break.

HTML File Paths

An absolute URL is exactly what it says it is. A better approach is to write yourself an easy to use URL generator. These are easy to write, and can be incredibly powerful- automatically detecting your protocol, easy to config literally set the url once for the whole app , etc, and it injects your domain all by itself.

The nice thing about that: You go on coding using relative URLs, and at run time the application inserts your URLs as full absolutes on the fly. Seeing as how practically all modern sites use some sort of dynamic back-end, it's in the best interest of said site to do it that way. I might add that the argument that absolute URLs is somehow going to change the load time of the page is a myth. If your domain weighs more than a few bytes and you're on a dialup modem in the s, sure. But that's just not the case anymore. That means that the additional URL data is.

An issue that can arise with relatives, for instance, is that sometimes server mappings mind you on big, messed up projects don't line up with file names and the developer may make an assumption about a relative URL that just isn't true. I just saw that today on a project that I'm on and it brought an entire page down. Or perhaps a developer forgot to switch a pointer and all of a sudden google indexed your entire test environment.

Whoops- duplicate content bad for SEO!


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  5. Absolutes can be dangerous, but when used properly and in a way that can't break your build they are proven to be more reliable. Look at the article above which gives a bunch of reasons why the Wordpress url generator is super awesome. In most instances relative URLs are the way to go, they are portable by nature, which means if you wanted to lift your site and put it someone where else it would work instantly, reducing possibly hours of debugging. There is a pretty decent article on absolute vs relative URLs , check it out.

    Let's say you have a site www. In the root directory for web documents you have an images sub-directoy and in that you have myimage. A relative URL defines the location relative to the current directory , for example, given you are in the root web directory your image is in:. You should always use relative URLS where possible. If you move the site to www. For every system that support relative URI resolution, both relative and absolute URIs do serve the same goal: referencing. And they can be used interchangeably.

    So you could decide in each case differently. Technically, they provide the same referencing. And that's also why with relative URIs you can do more as with an absolute URI alone - this is especially important for static websites which otherwise couldn't be as flexible to maintain as compared to absolute URIs.

    These positive effects of relative URI resolution can be exploited for dynamic web-application development as well. The inflexibility absolute URIs do introduce are also easier to cope up with, in a dynamic environment, so for some developers that are unsure about URI resolution and how to properly implement and manage it not that it's always easy do often opt into using absolute URIs in a dynamic part of a website as they can introduce other dynamic features e.

    So what is the benefit then in using absolute URIs? Even the resolution is strictly define since years, you might run over a client that has a mistake in URI resolution. So how high is that risk actually?

    Url is relative to page location
    Url is relative to page location
    Url is relative to page location
    Url is relative to page location
    Url is relative to page location
    Url is relative to page location
    Url is relative to page location

Related url is relative to page location



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